Phonics and Early Reading

How we teach Phonics

 

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read and write by segmenting and blending individual sounds. Every letter and different combinations of letters make particular sounds.  We follow the Letters and Sounds Programme of teaching, which is split into 6 phases that systematically build on skills and knowledge of previous learning. We use the Letter Join Programme to help develop letter formation. In Reception we use non cursive handwriting to begin with and leading up to Summer term we begin to teach the children how to lead out to prepare them for Year 1. From Year 1 children use lead in and lead out. EYFS and KS1 letter formation examples can be found at the bottom of the page. 

 

Children in Reception and Year 1 take part in daily phonics sessions and from Year 2 upwards children access Pathways to Spell. Any child in Year 2 upwards who would benefit from additional Phonics teaching will receve this support. Phonics sessions are roughly 20 minute sessions which focus on key reading skills such as decoding, segmenting and blending to read words and segmenting the sounds in words to spell. During Phonics lessons we also teach children to read and write ‘tricky words’ which are also known as ‘sight words.’ These are words that you cannot sound out using phonics. 

 

Key vocabularly adults and children use in Phonics, Reading and Writing

Phoneme – smallest unit of sound/single letters (eg - s, a, t, p, i, n)

Digraph – two letters make one sound (eg - sh, ch, th, ng)

Trigraph – three letters make one sound (eg -  igh, ear, air, ure).

Split digraph – two letters make one sound but the letters have been split apart by another letter (eg - a - e sound in tape)

Grapheme – a written letter or group of letters that represent a sound eg how you form/write the letter/s

Consonants – b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z

Segment – to break down the word into its individual sounds to spell (eg - cat can be split into the sounds c-a-t.)

Blend – to put the sounds together to make a word (eg - the sounds s-a-t are blended to the word ‘sat')

Sound buttons – We use a dot under letters where one letter makes one sound and a line understand digraphs or trigraphs.



DE47AB5C-BFDE-41F7-946F-70243AEB296F.jpeg Take a look at some of our fantastic new reading books. 

Our Classroom Enivornments

Each class has a designated reading area which we believe should be a mini library for the children to browse and enjoy high quality texts that the children should be able to access easily and enjoy in a relaxing space. 

 

C6FD7BD7-05E9-4466-9E12-DF8B05895F3B.jpeg 521D713B-3D4A-43D7-A919-6593477A2C36.jpeg B3A62558-70AD-400A-BF79-A418179DF8E7.jpeg

68F2F548-AEAF-4E6C-8360-DFF72AA66C5A.jpeg
A225A577-222D-4A39-9346-9C75FD486D1C.jpeg 6F8F429D-A0A6-4732-8CCF-55F3B6FE976B.jpeg

 

Take a look at some of the reading resources and opportunties we provide for the children 

4CE734D5-105F-49B3-8B8A-0AC502C57FC6.jpeg DDC7486D-F5C4-4DB0-8CEF-89EADB4EE562.jpeg AC039728-62BE-4A33-86B5-33D6AF305337.jpeg 1C4E9865-DD37-4DBB-844E-4ED4B02064FE.jpeg
Story baskets  Children vote for their favourite story  Recommended texts  Pie Corbett's reading spine books

 

 

Files to Download

Hale CEPrimary School

Contact Us

Hesketh Road, Hale, Liverpool L24 4AN

Contact

Suzanne Mullarkey | School Office Manager

0151 425 3023

sec.hale@halton.gov.uk

SENCO

Yvonne Buckley

Headteacher

Mrs Emma Fenton

STAFF LOGIN
PARENT LOGIN